Posts tagged "glucose"
What is Glycogen?

What is Glycogen?

The storage form of glucose in the body is glycogen, which is a complex carbohydrate (polysaccharide) stored in animal tissue. Glycogen is being stored in the liver and in muscle tissue. During exercise, muscle cells break down glycogen stores into glucose, called glycogenolysis, which occurs not only in muscle cells but also in the liver....
What is Glucose?

What is Glucose?

Glucose (also known as blood sugar), which is a monosaccharide that can be found in foods but not eaten directly, provides almost all the energy in the human brain and it is the body’s preferential source of energy during exercise.  The body takes carbohydrates, breaks them down, derives glucose, and converts it via glycolysis to...
Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the ideal form of energy during anaerobic metabolism (short duration/high intensity activities; e.g. 100m sprint). At the molecular level a carbohydrate atom consists of 6 carbon (C) molecules, 12 hydrogen (H) molecules, and 6 oxygen (O) molecules; also referred to as CHO. There are three forms of carbohydrates (mono – and disaccharides are...
How the Body Controls Its Internal Environment

How the Body Controls Its Internal Environment

A competitive tennis match or working out hard in the gym can pose a challenge to various of the body’s control systems since exercise increases metabolic demands (e.g. lactic acid build up) thereby challenging homeostasis. Therefore, if one understands how things are being processed inside the body then one can understand what needs to be...
How Sugar Increases Fat Storage

How Sugar Increases Fat Storage

Don’t you wonder why you store fat even though you consume foods that are fat free (e.g. jelly beans)? So how can jelly beans, for instance, increase fat storage? The answer is simple: Excess carbohydrates provided by your diet are stored as fat. Excess carbohydrates (glucose) that couldn’t be stored in the form of glycogen...