Sports Nutrition
High-Protein Diets Increase Risk for Dehydration

High-Protein Diets Increase Risk for Dehydration

Weather it is losing body weight or gaining muscle mass, many athletes go on a high-protein diet for different reasons. What they don’t realize is that they need to adjust their water consumption as well when following a high-protein diet to prohibit decreases in performance. Otherwise, the new diet becomes more harmful than beneficial! Protein...
What is Protein?

What is Protein?

Most people associate protein with strength and meat with protein. So is eating tons of meat efficient in making you stronger? Not really. Meat is one good source of protein but so are eggs, milk, and grains & vegetables. Learn about protein quality and available protein sources in your diet. Amino Acids Amino means “nitrogen...
What is Fat?

What is Fat?

Fat belongs to the group of nutrients called lipids. Stored body fat is an ideal fuel source for aerobic metabolism (long duration/low-to-medium intensity exercise) since fat has the highest energy density (9kcal/g). There are three forms of lipids: Triglycerides(fats and oils): in foods, 95% of fats are triglycerides; in the body, 99% of fats are...
What is Glycogen?

What is Glycogen?

The storage form of glucose in the body is glycogen, which is a complex carbohydrate (polysaccharide) stored in animal tissue. Glycogen is being stored in the liver and in muscle tissue. During exercise, muscle cells break down glycogen stores into glucose, called glycogenolysis, which occurs not only in muscle cells but also in the liver....
What is Glucose?

What is Glucose?

Glucose (also known as blood sugar), which is a monosaccharide that can be found in foods but not eaten directly, provides almost all the energy in the human brain and it is the body’s preferential source of energy during exercise.  The body takes carbohydrates, breaks them down, derives glucose, and converts it via glycolysis to...
What is Lactose Intolerance?

What is Lactose Intolerance?

Learn about the symptoms of – and a strategy  to deal with lactose intolerance. Lactose intolerance occurs when the intestinal cells do not produce enough of the enzyme lactase to ensure that the disaccharide lactose is being digested and absorbed efficiently. Lactase production declines with age. Only about 30% of the world’s population will retain...
Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the ideal form of energy during anaerobic metabolism (short duration/high intensity activities; e.g. 100m sprint). At the molecular level a carbohydrate atom consists of 6 carbon (C) molecules, 12 hydrogen (H) molecules, and 6 oxygen (O) molecules; also referred to as CHO. There are three forms of carbohydrates (mono – and disaccharides are...