Health
What is Glucose?

What is Glucose?

Glucose (also known as blood sugar), which is a monosaccharide that can be found in foods but not eaten directly, provides almost all the energy in the human brain and it is the body’s preferential source of energy during exercise.  The body takes carbohydrates, breaks them down, derives glucose, and converts it via glycolysis to...
What is Lactose Intolerance?

What is Lactose Intolerance?

Learn about the symptoms of – and a strategy  to deal with lactose intolerance. Lactose intolerance occurs when the intestinal cells do not produce enough of the enzyme lactase to ensure that the disaccharide lactose is being digested and absorbed efficiently. Lactase production declines with age. Only about 30% of the world’s population will retain...
Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the ideal form of energy during anaerobic metabolism (short duration/high intensity activities; e.g. 100m sprint). At the molecular level a carbohydrate atom consists of 6 carbon (C) molecules, 12 hydrogen (H) molecules, and 6 oxygen (O) molecules; also referred to as CHO. There are three forms of carbohydrates (mono – and disaccharides are...
The Role of Nutrients in Sports: Energy Providers & Transporters

The Role of Nutrients in Sports: Energy Providers & Transporters

The body uses nutrients to grow, restore body tissue, and provide energy to perform work.  The body requires some nutrients in large quantities, called macronutrients, and other nutrients in smaller quantities, called micronutrients. Macronutrients provide energy, whereas micronutrients do not yield any energy directly but they assist in the transfer of energy (e.g. B-vitamins). Micro...
How the Body Controls Its Internal Environment

How the Body Controls Its Internal Environment

A competitive tennis match or working out hard in the gym can pose a challenge to various of the body’s control systems since exercise increases metabolic demands (e.g. lactic acid build up) thereby challenging homeostasis. Therefore, if one understands how things are being processed inside the body then one can understand what needs to be...
How to Lose Weight Effectively

How to Lose Weight Effectively

Losing body weight and staying in good shape is challenging; it requires a plan and determination. The prerequisite for a successful weight loss strategy is that you are willing to change the way you live your life with respect to nutrition and regular activity. Learn how to calculate your daily caloric needs to lose weight, download...
High Sodium Intake Doesn’t Cause High Blood Pressure

High Sodium Intake Doesn’t Cause High Blood Pressure

You probably have heard before that sodium increases blood pressure and hence you should avoid consuming foods with high sodium content. That statement by itself is false! It should read: ”If you have kidney problems, high sodium intake will lead to an increase in blood pressure”. High sodium levels can only increase blood pressure if...