Health
FIT 2 HIT EPISODE 11: How to Cure Tennis Elbow

FIT 2 HIT EPISODE 11: How to Cure Tennis Elbow

Philipp Halfmann provides some recommendations on how to cure tennis elbow since many tennis players, recreational as well as professional, will experience pain just below the elbow joint. Don’t worry, it doesn’t include surgery or expensive medical treatments.
Aerobic ATP Production & Energy System Efficiency

Aerobic ATP Production & Energy System Efficiency

Aerobic ATP production, which occurs predominantly during prolonged low-moderate intensity exercise, is the oxidation (breakdown) of glucose/glycogen (called glycolysis), lipids (triglycerides; called lipolysis), and proteins (amino acids; called proteolysis) into acetyl CoA, which enters the Krebs Cycle, where hydrogen removal occurs and the electron transport chain inside the mitochondria of the muscle cell provides the...
Glycolysis: Glucose Breakdown Provides Energy

Glycolysis: Glucose Breakdown Provides Energy

Glycolysis, the “splitting of glucose”, is the breakdown of glucose or glycogen in order to provide ATP, which occurs in the liver and in the sarcoplasm of muscle cells. Glycolysis is the energy system that predominantly provides energy for higher-intensity activities lasting 15-90 seconds and it provides a net gain of 2-3 ATP. The initial...
High-Protein Diets Increase Risk for Dehydration

High-Protein Diets Increase Risk for Dehydration

Weather it is losing body weight or gaining muscle mass, many athletes go on a high-protein diet for different reasons. What they don’t realize is that they need to adjust their water consumption as well when following a high-protein diet to prohibit decreases in performance. Otherwise, the new diet becomes more harmful than beneficial! Protein...
What is Protein?

What is Protein?

Most people associate protein with strength and meat with protein. So is eating tons of meat efficient in making you stronger? Not really. Meat is one good source of protein but so are eggs, milk, and grains & vegetables. Learn about protein quality and available protein sources in your diet. Amino Acids Amino means “nitrogen...
What is Fat?

What is Fat?

Fat belongs to the group of nutrients called lipids. Stored body fat is an ideal fuel source for aerobic metabolism (long duration/low-to-medium intensity exercise) since fat has the highest energy density (9kcal/g). There are three forms of lipids: Triglycerides(fats and oils): in foods, 95% of fats are triglycerides; in the body, 99% of fats are...
What is Glycogen?

What is Glycogen?

The storage form of glucose in the body is glycogen, which is a complex carbohydrate (polysaccharide) stored in animal tissue. Glycogen is being stored in the liver and in muscle tissue. During exercise, muscle cells break down glycogen stores into glucose, called glycogenolysis, which occurs not only in muscle cells but also in the liver....